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5 juin 2004 [remonter]

  Tiens, encore une agression antisémite (une vraie, en tout cas). Après le fils du rabbin tabassé, on a droit à un autre gamin poignardé par un type gueulant allah ouakbakh ! Encore un déséquilibré, sans doute, comme celui qui avait tenté de transformer la maire de Paris en mouton de l'Aïd. Enfin, en tout cas, ces deux-là, ça risque d'être dur d'invoquer pour eux le retour de la bête-immonde-au-ventre-toujours-fécond. Avec des amis pareils, plus besoin d'ennemis, hein ?
 
  Je suis mort de rire. Le président Georges W. Bush surnomme Chirac "Jack Ass" ("âne bâté") et Bradbury traîte Moore de trou-du-cul pour la parodie de son titre, Farenheit 451. Vraiment excellent. Décidemment, je vais finir par me faire tondre pour avoir couché avec l'ennemi de la république... ça tombe bien, j'ai besoin d'une coupe de cheveux.
 
  J'ai fait un truc très très bète en revenant d'Harry Potter. Riviera Radio passait Goodnight moon de Shivaree, j'ai baissé toutes les vitres de la voiture et je me suis promené dans les collines, me prenant l'espace de trois minutes pour Uma Thurman dans son cabriolet, à la fin de ...Bill.
 
  Maserati Mexico, l'élégance et la classe italienne à l'état pur
 
  Harry Potter. Bon, ben franchement... Rien d'exceptionnel. Un peu plus sombre que les précédents, Harry commence à muer, Hermione a des seins, logiquement, dans le prochain épisode, ça devrait commencer à devenir chaud. En fait, le plus intéressant, comme d'habitude, ce sont les méchants, en particuliers les Serpentards de la bande de Draco Malefoy. Parce comme têtes de petits fachos, on peut difficilement trouver mieux. Ils sont vraiment très sympas. Bon évidemment, comme tout le film est biaisé autour de Potter (sinon ce serait Draco Malefoy à l'école des sorciers, hein ?), forcément, ils ne sont guère mis en valeur. Autre détail amusant, le personnage du professeur Lupin, qui tente désespérément de faire vibrer la corde de la tolérance, ce qui pourraît donner une nouvelle idée à Mamère : le premier mariage entre loups-garous (par contre, être pédé comme un phoque et se transformer en loup à chaque pleine lune, on est à la limite de la faute de goût animalière).
 
  Maserati Mexico, l'élégance et la classe italienne à l'état pur
 
 

4 juin 2004 [remonter]

  Extraordinaire : alors que cette après-midi je pensais à une des meilleurs émissions de cinéma jamais diffusées à la télévision, mais en ayant oublié la plupart des détails, je tombe sur Life should be so fun en suivant un lien Harry Potter, qui fait un article sur cette émission ! Elle est pas belle la vie ? Donc pour tout redécouvrir sur Les films qui sortent le lendemain dans les salles de cinéma, c'est ici.
 
  Edward Furlong, le jeune John Connors dans T2, en hate-baby dans American History X
 
 

J'ai entendu ce matin que deux gamins de quatorze ans ont été déférés devant le Parquet de leur bled (Lutterbach, près de Mulhouse) pour avoir fait des tags. Oh. Pas n'importe lesquels : "Hitler on t'aime !" ou "Les nègres au four !". Bon, c'est vrai que c'est un peu idiot. Surtout quand on se fait gauler. Pas vu, pas pris, pris, pendu, et puis j'aime pas les tags, alors... Cela dit, les deux mioches ne manquent pas de panache, avec l'inconscience habituelle de l'adolescence, puisqu'ils ont confirmé "être très racistes" et ne plus "pouvoir supporter les arabes". Là, c'est carrément idiot, surtout avec les persécutions politiques que nous subissons tous les jours. Alors oui, idiot, mais beau.

D'autant qu'il faut relativiser : ce ne sont que des mots. Qu'ils choquent la doxa des mous d'en face, et bien, c'est la vie. Jusqu'à preuve du contraire, ils n'ont ni déporté ni exterminé des personnes en raison de leur appartenance à une race ou à une religion, je pense qu'ils n'ont pas dû aller au-delà de quelques insultes échangées, les bagarres habituelles de cour de récré. Qu'ils soient punis pour la dégradation commise, pourquoi pas ? Ce ne serait que justice.

J'ai travaillé autrefois dans un collège public dans lequel beaucoup de personnels non enseignants étaient juifs, y compris le principal. Et pourtant, il m'est arrivé à quelques reprises d'entendre gueuler par de petits maghrébins dans les couloirs des "Morts aux juifs !". A ma connaissance, pas ou peu de conséquences. Malgré le 11 septembre, malgré le choc causé aux surveillants. Pourquoi ?

 
  Près d'un quartier ethnique dans le Var
 
 

On peut se poser plein de questions du même genre. Mais comme je ne voudrais pas sortir du petit carré de liberté d'expression qui m'est concédée après les lois Fabius-Gayssot, je vous laisserai vous les poser vous-mêmes (à vos risques et périls).

En fait, il faut absolument surveiller les suites de cette affaire. Parce que ça pourrait bien être notre Jane Roe à nous, nationaux, pour reconquérir notre droit à la liberté d'expression, parce qu'il serait peut-être temps de suivre Serge de Beketch et de publier un manifeste des 343 salauds. Et parce que, quelque soit l'issue de cette affaire, il ne faut pas laisser tomber ces deux gosses.

 
 
Montparnasse, Guillaume Apollinaire


      Ô porte de l'hôtel avec deux plantes vertes
      Vertes qui jamais
      Ne porteront de fleurs
      Où sont mes fruits? Où me planté-je?
      Ô porte de l'hôtel un ange est devant toi
      Distribuant des prospectus
      On n'a jamais si bien défendu la vertu
      Donnez-moi pour toujours une chambre à la semaine
      Ange barbu vous êtes en réalité
      Un poète lyrique d'Allemagne
      Qui voulez connaître Paris
      Vous connaissez de son pavé
      Ces raies sur lesquelles il ne faut pas que l'on marche
      Et vous rêvez
      D'aller passer votre Dimanche à Garches
      Il fait un peu lourd et vos cheveux sont longs
      Ô bon petit poète un peu bête et trop blond
      Vos yeux ressemblent tant à ces deux grands ballons
      Qui s'en vont dans l'air pur
      À l'aventure.

 
  Tombé sur un très intéressant blog, même si pas tout à fait de la même tendance que celui-là, mais pas extraordinairement différent dans l'orientation (enfin, bon, on va pas chipoter, moi, j'ai jamais été communiste). Allez visiter Kitsch, c'est très bien.
 
  C'est comme le pilou, mais en tchèque
 
  En matière de révolte, on ne devrait pas avoir besoin d'ancêtres. (André Breton)
 
  Je viens de me rendre compte qu'en matière d'illustration, j'ai choisi inconsciemment toute une série de couples bizarres (le jeune homme et sa baballe, les amants criminels, le dominateur et sa victime, bunny boy et son chien, deux jeunes prisonniers allemands, la femme intéressée et son corrupteur, la pianiste et son élève...). Quant on en arrive à un tel niveau de redondance, ça doit bien signifier quelque chose.
 
 

3 juin 2004 [remonter]

  Jérémie Renier et Nathalie Regnier dans Les amants criminels de Ozon
 
  Apparemment, c'est la fête nationale en Italie.
 
  J'ai très envie de revoir If...
 
  Nick Stahl, qui joue le John Connors de la loose dans T3 et Brad Renfro un peu empâté, dans Bully de l'excellent Larry Clark. Un tyran, une victime, une victime, un assassin. Logique.
 
  Le who's who.
 
 

M. Le Pen se déclare favorable au mariage des homosexuels
LE MONDE | 03.06.04
"Qu'il y ait des hommes qui s'aiment, pourquoi pas ?", dit-il.


Au risque de déplaire au courant catholique traditionaliste de son mouvement, Jean-Marie Le Pen a béni le mariage d'un couple d'homosexuels que le maire (Verts) de Bègles, Noël Mamère entend célébrer, samedi 5 juin. "Qu'il y ait des hommes qui s'aiment, après tout, pourquoi pas ?", a déclaré le président du Front national, mercredi 2 juin à Lyon, au cours d'une conférence de presse. "Cela prouve que le mariage est en train de reconquérir un prestige qu'on craignait qu'il avait perdu, puisque les hommes souhaitent pouvoir sanctifier de façon laïque leur union", a-t-il ajouté.

M. Le Pen a précisé qu'il ne mettrait pas M. Mamère "en prison -s'il- était garde des sceaux". Il s'est décrit comme "étant large d'esprit" à partir du moment où l'homosexualité "n'a pas de caractère agressif provoquant". En conclusion de cette intervention, il a regretté une "démographie insuffisante" en France. "Si au moins les homosexuels pouvaient faire des enfants", s'est-il exclamé.

Par le passé, le FN et M. Le Pen tenaient des propos nettement moins conciliants sur l'homosexualité. "Elle constitue une anomalie biologique et sociale", avait déclaré le chef de l'extrême droite française durant l'émission politique "L'heure de vérité" en 1984. La même année, M. Le Pen avait prédit "la fin du monde" si l'homosexualité "se développe".

Au cours d'une nouvelle intervention à "L'heure de vérité", en 1987, le président du FN s'était saisi de l'épidémie du sida pour stigmatiser la communauté homosexuelle : "Lépreux d'aujourd'hui, le sidaïque est contagieux par sa transpiration, ses larmes, sa salive, son contact. On a refusé de dire quels sont les modes préférentiels de contagion de cette maladie. C'est la sodomie à 80 % et l'usage de la drogue à 17 %."

Le FN a commencé à évoluer dans ses prises de position à partir de 1995. M. Le Pen affirmait alors, à la surprise d'une partie des cadres de son parti, que "l'homosexualité" relevait de "la vie personnelle" et qu'elle faisait "partie de la liberté de chacun". Bruno Mégret, qui était l'un des lieutenants de M. Le Pen, voyait derrière ce revirement un intérêt électoral. Il s'était prononcé contre "un jugement moral" et les "discours d'opprobre" avant d'indiquer : "Je laisse cela à Philippe de Villiers -président du Mouvement pour la France-."

Devant les militants du Front national de la jeunesse, M. Le Pen est revenu, en juillet 2000, à un discours plus traditionnel de l'extrême droite en dénonçant le "prosélytisme homosexuel" qui "entraîne la destruction volontaire des valeurs essentielles de la jeunesse par la promotion des comportements déviants". Avant cette sortie, M. Le Pen était revenu sur France Inter sur le sida pour appeler à "distinguer les victimes innocentes" des "malades de la sodomie".

Dans sa lettre de diffusion interne, le FN a donné, le 28 avril, la ligne officielle. Opposé à la mise en place d'une "police de la braguette", le parti de M. Le Pen est contre la remise en cause de la "liberté des adultes de vivre leur sexualité comme ils l'entendent dans la sphère privée". National-Hebdo, l'organe du FN, évoque le mariage gay de Bègles en brocardant un "Jospin homophobe".

Elie Barth

http://www.europeennes2004.com/quotidien_detail.php?id_qp=229

 
  J'ai connu le sosie de ce type. Saisissant.
 
  J'ai fait le tri dans mon MSN Messenger. Finalement, je discute surtout avec un petit paquet de quatre-cinq personnes, et occasionnellement avec un second cercle de même nombre. Bref, parmi tous les autres, il y en a que je ne connais même pas, et avec qui je n'ai pas échangé plus de trois phrases. Et puis il y a les autres cas, ceux à qui je n'ai plus grand chose à dire. J'ai horreur des relations qui meurent dans l'atonie. Je suis prompt à leur donner un coup de grâce.
 
  L'imam de Vénissieux ne savait pas ce que voulait dire "lapider". Tout s'explique alors. Je serais assez curieux de savoir ce qu'il entendait par là. Peut-être un truc à base de gravier ?
 
  Oui, elle est peut-être morte ou elle croupit dans un hospice en faisant sous elle. Je sais. Et alors ?
 
  Je vais bientôt changer de téléphone. J'ai découvert le Nokio 2600, qui me paraissait très bien, et dans une gamme de prix très correcte, mais il n'est pas encore disponible. C'est pénible. Alors je vais me rabattre sur un Nokio 3100 ("Vous verrez, il est très bien, y a l'écran couleur et les sonneries polyphoniques" - qu'est que tu veux répondre à ça ?).
 
  Jacob Sewell dans Gummo de Harmony Korine. Jacob déteste qu'on lui rappelle ce rôle pourri qui ne lui rapprte que quolibets dans la communauté underground américaine.
 
 

2 juin 2004 [remonter]

  6 juin, une libération ?
 
  Bernard s'est suicidé dimanche. Il sera incinéré demain. Paix à son âme.
 
  Nathan Bexton en ahuri dans Nowhere, de Gregg Araki
 
  On me fait également remarquer que j'ai tendance à me prendre terriblement au sérieux ces derniers temps, ce que je n'aurais qu'à peine l'envie de démentir. Donc, voila, on va changer de sujet : aujourd'hui, j'ai eu envie de me taper une jolie aveugle (mais j'ai surtout été retenu par l'angoisse de l'entendre brailler), j'ai été harcelé par un très joli chat blanc qui était en panne d'affection (il a essayé de me dévorer la main mais a dû déclarer forfait) et j'ai très envie d'aller voir Harry Potter. Voila.
 
 
 
  De la jambe artificielle au Cyborg Manifesto.
 
Demandez votre nom de Cyborg
 
  Pour les amateurs de combat à mains nues, Get-Tough.net, un excellent site qui propose quelques manuels pas dégueus.
 
  On me demande de m'expliquer qui est ce "nous" dont je parle si souvent. Et bien, pour faire rapide, nous, ce sont des européens blancs, chrétiens et de culture gréco-latine, pour citer de mémoire De Gaulle. Bon, bien sûr, ce n'est qu'une base qui comprend de nombreuses exceptions à la règle ; en particulier au niveau religieux, érotique, génétique... ce n'est pas là l'essentiel. L'essentiel, c'est d'en être conscient. Et d'en être fier. Et donc de vivre en tant que tel (je n'ose pas parler d'agir, vu que pour beaucoup, l'action se limite à ouvrir la bouche et à remuer la langue). Ca, c'est le socle, les racines, si on veut. Mais si c'est pour se transformer en endive et vivre dans un monde imaginaire pré-révolutionnaire, ou bander en évoquant la grande France coloniale, ou Dieu sait combien d'autres conneries crevées depuis bien longtemps, ça n'a aucun intérêt. Non. Nous sommes dans le monde moderne, à tous les échelons de la société, et nous devons former l'autre pays réel. Celui d'un refus du monde moderne tel qu'on veut nous l'imposer (totalitarisme, homogénéisation, paupérisation...) au profit d'un retour à la défense de nos intérêts (ce qui implique le retour des libertés, de la responsabilité, de la conquête, ...). Bref, abandonner la lettre (tout le monde il est beau, il est gentil et nous sommes très très coupables) pour l'esprit (remettre ce foutu monde en coupe réglée à notre profit, croître et nous multiplier et partir à la conquête de l'Espace) de ce que nous sommes.
 
 

1er juin 2004 [remonter]

  Isabelle Huppert et Benoit Magimel dans La Pianiste de Michael Haneke
 
 

Le coup médiatique que prépare Noël Mamère en sa mairie de Bègles le 5 juin prochain - "marier" deux homosexuels - ouvre finalement des voies insoupçonnées (façon de parler...) : à partir du moment où le mariage cesse d'être - comme il l'a été toujours et partout - "l'union légale d'un homme et d'une femme" (Larousse) pour devenir celle de deux êtres vivants, indépendamment de leur "orientation sexuelle", alors il n'y a aucune raison de s'en tenir là.

Quitte à briser un tabou, autant le briser jusqu'au bout. Aussi, les Identitaires profitent que les caméras sont braquées sur Bègles pour interpeller Noël Mamère et tous les supporters du "mariage gay" sur les discriminations intolérables que subissent nos concitoyens zoophiles. En effet, si certaines amours pédophiles ont pu bénéficier çà et là de l'oreille attentive ou de la plume experte de certaines grandes consciences (Jack Lang, Daniel Cohn-Bendit...), les "amoureux de nos amis à poil et à plumes" sont indéniablement les laissés-pour-compte du grand mouvement de libération des moeurs qui traverse notre société.

Afin de réparer cette injustice, le Bloc Identitaire invite ses membres, mais également tous les citoyens qui, indépendamment de leurs préférences érotiques et de la nature de leur conjoint, sont heurtés par l'apartheid qui frappe cette orientation sexuelle aussi respectable qu'une autre, à prendre contact avec le service d'Etat civil de la Mairie de Bègles afin de réclamer l'égalité des traitements entre couples homosexuels et zoophiles au nom du principe suivant :

Homophilie, zoophilie : Autant de façons d'aimer, Autant de tabous à briser !

- Demander quelles sont les pièces à fournir en vue de la célébration du mariage avec votre animal de compagnie préféré (attestation de la SPA, certificat de vaccination...).
- Insister sur le fait qu'il s'agit d'un animal majeur, consentant et en situation régulière sur le territoire français.
- Que ceux qui souhaitent épouser leur perroquet ou leur perruche importé(e) illégalement du Gabon par des négriers racistes en profitent pour réclamer la régularisation de la situation et l'obtention de papiers pour leur futur(e) conjoint(e).
- Mettre en avant les effets bénéfiques de tels mariages dans la lutte contre la surpopulation et le trou de la sécurité sociale (laquelle n'aura pas d'IVG à rembourser). Demander néanmoins à ce que les couples ainsi formés bénéficient des mêmes avantages fiscaux que les couples traditionnels.
- S'offusquer le cas échéant de la réticence de l'employé de l'Etat civil. Lui rappeler que les exemples de zoophilie ne manquent pas dans l'histoire ou la mythologie : invoquer le martyre de Pasiphaé, épouse du roi Minos, enfermée dans le labyrinthe par son époux après qu'elle se soit accouplée avec un taureau, donnant ainsi naissance au Minotaure.
- Dénoncer alors le racisme espécéiste de votre interlocuteur : les plus récentes recherches génétiques ont démontré que l'homme et le chimpanzé avaient 90 % de chromosomes communs. Pourquoi, alors, ne pourraient-ils pas s'aimer ? "Criminalisation de la zoophilie = apartheid !".
- Lui rappeler que la zoophilie, comme l'homosexualité, a été considérée comme un délit par la législation française et que la zoophilie, comme l'homosexualité, a été dépénalisée : lui demander s'il n'est pas frappé par ce parallélisme de destin ?
- L'inviter à pousser sa réflexion plus avant : la zoophilie ne serait-elle pas "encore un continent interdit, aux découvreurs du XXIe siècle d'en aborder les rivages". L'informer que cette phrase est extraite d'une interview accordée par un célèbre futur ministre au journal "Gay Pied" (31 Janvier 1991) à propos de la pédophilie...

Prenez contact avec le service d'Etat civil de la Mairie de Bègles et n'hésitez pas à nous envoyer un compte-rendu de vos échanges avec les fonctionnaires locaux. Le Bloc se fera un plaisir de faire connaître les meilleurs moments au plus grand nombre...

NOS ARMES, LE FAX, LE TÉLÉPHONE, LE COURRIER ÉLECTRONIQUE (avec courtoisie et HUMOUR !)

** Service Etat civil de la Ville de Bègles
Tel : 05 56 49 88 32

** Hôtel de Ville de Bègles
77 rue Calixte Camelle
33130 BEGLES
Tel : 05 56 49 88 88 - fax : 05 56 49 32 85
E-mail : contact@mairie-begles.fr / cabinet-maire@mairie-begles.fr / c.bedin@mairie-begles.fr /

N'hésitez pas à vous inspirer du tract disponible aux adresses suivantes :
http://www.bloc-identitaire.com/tract_begles.pdf
http://www.bloc-identitaire.com/propagande.htm

Dans le même temps, l'action - complémentaire - en direction du Procureur de la République de Bordeaux doit continuer.
Voir le communiqué "Mariage homo : choix nihiliste !" sur :
http://www.bloc-identitaire.com/communique.php?id=114

-----------------------------------------------------------
BLOC IDENTITAIRE
http://www.bloc-identitaire.com
Contact : contact@bloc-identitaire.com

 
 
 

A BRIEF HISTORY OF STREET GANGS (en traduction automatique)

Gangs are not a new phenomena. Daryl Gates, former Los Angeles Chief of Police and Robert Jackson, Detective in the Gang Information Section of the LAPD suggest that there is some quirk about the nature of homo-sapiens that draws a few of them toward gangs and their violence. They add that it makes little difference whether the country is totalitarian or democratic, whether the time is feudal or current (l989:4).

There is at least 50 years worth of gang literature in our local libraries. They operate in the same milieu in which they have always existed--the kinds of neighborhoods described here. Actually we have been aware of the gang problem, and to a lesser extent, the causes and perhaps even the solutions for quite some time. Other studies agree (Spergel 1992) (Spergel et. al. l993)

In l987 Joan Moore wrote that gang behavior stemmed primarily from normal adolescent concerns: the need for peer respect and approval, security and protection, group support and acceptance and age and sex role identification. Other investigators on the topic of gangs include Thrasher (l936) Torres (1980) Vigil (l988) Currry & Spergel (l988),Spergel (1990), and Akers (l992) to mention only some of the larger or more famous studies.

In l936 Thrasher conducted a classic sociological study of 1,313 gangs with approximately 25,000 members. In some ways not much has changed from Thrasher's classic research definition: a group originally formed spontaneously, and then integrated through conflict. It is characterized by Thrasher as having the following types of transactions: meeting face to face, milling around, and finding conflict. Not much has changed. The result of this collective behavior, according to the Thrasher research, is the development of tradition, esprit de corps, solidarity, and attachment to a local territory (1936:57).


What is a Street Gang?

In the late 1980s, youths from affluent, upscale communities began forming their own gangs for the first time in the US and European history. Even countries such as Switzerland are experiencing the unprecedented appearance of these gangs. It is no secret that gangs and their antisocial activities have been increasing at alarming rates in communities and on school campuses nationwide. From the 1920s to the present day, gang activity has not only increased and intensified, it has done so with notoriously senseless crime and violence. Generally, for purposes of this discussion, a gang can be considered to be a loosely organized group of individuals who collaborate together for social reasons. Modern day gangs now collaborate together for anti-social reasons. Gangs generally have a leader or group of leaders who issue orders and reap the fruits of the gang's activities. A gang may also wear their "colors", wear certain types of clothing, tattoos, brands, or likewise imprint their gang's name, logo, or other identifying marks on their bodies. Many gangs also adopt certain types of hairstyles and communicate through the use of hand signals and graffiti on walls, streets, school work, and school property. It must be understood that it is not illegal to be in a gang and indeed many adults are currently involved in activities that meet Webster's definition for a gang. However, many gangs of today, especially youthful gangs, break the law to provide funding for gang activities or to further the gang's reputation on the streets. Gangs may identify with a large city gang or remain locally turf oriented. Development of local intelligence as well as pro-active events are a mandatory part of dealing with this problem. Schools must develop lines of communication with law enforcement officials in order to track and prevent gang growth and violence effectively. Gangs are nothing new. Many large police departments on the east coast had gang units at the turn of the century to monitor the mainly immigrant gangs who protected their neighborhoods and came together for social reasons. Gangs as most people think of them probably began to be recognized by the general public around the nation with the birth of the Los Angeles gangs in the early seventies. Gang-like activity has actually plagued large cities around the nation for years. In Los Angeles, the average age of a gang member is around 25 years old.

In order to better understand the gang mentality, the following are considered the "Three R's" of gang culture:

(1) REPUTATION/REP. This is of critical concern to "gangbangers" (gang members). A rep extends not only to each individual, but to the gang as a whole. In some groups, status (or rank) is gained within the gang by having the most "juice" based largely on one's reputation. While being "juiced" is very important, the manner by which the gang member gains the "juice" is just as important. Upon interview, many gang members embellish their past gang activities in an attempt to impress their conversation partner. Gang members freely admit crimes and it has been my experience that most in fact do embellish their stories to enhance their feeling of power. In many gangs, to become a member, you must be "jumped in" by members of the gang. This entails being "beaten down" until the leader calls for it to end. Afterwards, all gang members hug one another to further the "G thing". This action is meant to bond the members together as a family. Frequently, young gang members, whether hardcore or associate, will talk of fellowship and the feeling of sharing and belonging as their reason for joining a gang.

(2) RESPECT. This is something everyone wants and some gang members carry their desire for it to the extreme. Respect is sought for not only the individual, but also for one's set or gang, family, territory, and various other things, real or perceived in the mind of the "gangbanger".

Some gangs require, by written or spoken regulation, that the gang member must always show disrespect to rival gang members. (Referred to in gang slang as dis). If a gang member witnesses a fellow member failing to dis a rival gang through hand signs, graffiti, or a simple "mad dog" or stare-down, they can issue a "violation" to their fellow posse member and he/she can actually be "beaten down" by their own gang as punishment. After dis has been issued, if it is witnessed, the third "R" will become evident.

(3) RETALIATION/REVENGE. It must be understood that in gang culture, no challenge goes unanswered. Many times, drive-by shootings and other acts of violence follow an event perceived as dis. A common occurrence is a confrontation between a gang set and single rival "gangbanger." Outnumbered, he departs the area and returns with his "homeboys" to complete the confrontation to keep his reputation intact. This may occur immediately or follow a delay for planning and obtaining the necessary equipment to complete the retaliatory strike. It must also be understood that many acts of violence are the result of bad drug deals or infringement on drug territory. Some question the authenticity of gang rivalry in shootings and other acts of violence. However, if a group of individuals are together committing either random or pre- planned violence, aren't they a gang? If the gang aspect is learned about, many crimes can be solved through the use of accurate intelligence gathering techniques by law enforcement agencies dealing with this problem. In gangbanging, today's witness is tomorrow's suspect, is the next day's victim.


Origin of Street Gangs

Gangs in one form or another have been around for hundreds of years. Pirates were probably some of the original bad gangs. The groups that traditionally come to mind when one thinks of modern day gangs are the Crips and the Bloods from California. The origins of the Crips and Bloods can be traced to the late 60's, and the gang culture is so ingrained on the west coast that many families have three and even four generations of gangsters residing in the same residence. Depending on whose figures you listen to (government officials have a tendency to downsize the numbers), L.A. gangs number between 800 and 1000, with anywhere from 120,000 to 220,000 members. As of January, 1993, we have identified about 40 named street gangs in Pulaski County with 800 - 1000 identified members. These numbers are often debated, and depending on whose criteria is used to decide who is and is not a gangbanger. The figures could be considerably higher.African Americans have a 75 year history a street gang involvement in Los Angeles, younger that its Latino counterparts in Los Angeles, namely the Mexicans, who date back to as early as 1900. African-American gangs first appeared in Los Angeles in the 1920's in the downtown area of Los Angeles where they first settled. During the years to follow, African-Americans began to move southward from downtown Los Angeles, down Central Avenue towards Slauson Ave. Between Slauson Avenue and Firestone (Manchester), during the 20's and 30's was occupied primarily by white residents, but just south of Firestone, African-American populations were growing. In 1968, youths who were too young to participate in the movement with organizations like the Black Panther Party and US Ordanization, began to form their own organizations. Raymond Washington a 15 year old youth who attended Fremont High School, Locke High School and who frequented the area of Washington High School in Los Angeles got together a few youths and started a gang called the Baby Avenues. The Avenues was a gang of older youths who had been active since the early 1960's, and Raymond Washington, along with Stanley "Tookie" Williams looked-up to and admired the Avenue Boys. So in 1968 he created the baby Avenues, and to represent the new genreation of this gang he called it the Avenue Cribs, or Baby Avenues. The word Crip is a derivative of the word Crib, but how the use of Crip occured is not clear according to the available literature, but I will discuss this more in depth in a future publication. By early 1972, the use of "Crip" had been entrentched into Los Angeles Gang culture. By 1980 there were 30,000 gangs members in Los Angeles County. Today there are over 300 Blood and Crip gangs in Los Angeles County. Around the nation they can also be found in over 100 American Cities. Some gang members have migrated to these cities from Los Angeles, and also youths from other cities have copied Los Angeles gang culture. There is an estimated 150,000 gang members in Los Angeles County.

Street Gangs in America today.

Hispanic Street gangs

Hispanic gangs began forming in California during the early 1920s. They started as looseknit groups banding together for unity and socializing in the barrios (neighborhoods) where the same culture, customs, and language prevailed. Gang members were male youths ranging from 14- to 20-years-old. Property crimes such as burglary, strong-arm robbery, and vandalism were their crimes of choice. These gangs had no formal structure nor leadership. They were very defensive of their barrio, and they would protect it with a vengeance. Gang fights occurred between rival gangs as a result of disputes, turf differences, or transgressions--whether real or imaginary. Often, their weapons included knives, zip guns, chains, clubs, rocks, and bottles. The commission of a crime became a way of gaining status within the gang. Imprisonment in the California Youth Authority or the California Department of Corrections earned a gang member great stature with other gang members. By the 1980s, these gangs began targeting their communities and surrounding neighborhoods for drive-by shootings, assaults, murders, and other felonious crimes. Violence became a way of life. The gangs developed some organization and structure, and leaders emerged from the ranks of older gang members who had been stabbed or shot in gang fights or released from the youth authority or prison. Known as "veteranos," these gang leaders began to recruit new members and train them in gang-related criminal activities. They continued to be turf oriented, and gang fights progressed to gang wars. The age span for gang members widened, encompassing male youths ranging from 12- to 25-years-old who were willing to fight and die for the gang. Most of the gangs required new members to commit a crime, such as stealing a car or committing a burglary or robbery, before becoming a gang member. As the Hispanic gang members evolved, they established unique trademarks such tattoos, hand signs, monikers, and graffiti. Elaborate tattoos depicting the initials or name of a gang symbolized loyalty to a particular gang. Hand signs formed the letters of the gang's initials. Monikers were names assumed by--or given to--gang members, and they were usually retained for life. Intricate graffiti--or placa--clearly marked the gang's territorial boundaries and served as a warning to rival gangs. Gang members used these distinguishing characteristics to demonstrate gang allegiance, strengthen gang participation, and challenge rival gangs. The Department of Justice estimates there could be as many as 95,000 Hispanic gang members in California today. Located in all of the major metropolitan cities, these gangs vary in size from a few members to several hundred. The gang members range in age from 12- to 40-years-old, and many are second- or third-generation gang members. Adult Hispanic gang members recruit and use juvenile gang members to commit crimes or carry weapons because juveniles are subject to less severe sentences compared to adult penalties. Juvenile gang members are often arrested numerous times before actually serving time in jail or the California Youth Authority. Recruitment of new gang members often requires the prospective member to commit a drive-by shooting or some other form of felonious assault. Loyalty to their gang usually extends to their death. Reliance on tattoos, hand signs, and graffiti continues to dominate the gangs' characteristics. These symbols are frequently used to threaten rival gangs besides endorsing allegiance to their own gang. Their criminal activities now range from robberies, burglaries, grand thefts, vehicle thefts, receiving stolen property to assaults, batteries, drive-by shootings, and murders. They are becoming involved as entrepreneurs in the selling of narcotics--particularly PCP, Mexican tar heroin, methamphetamine, and marijuana. The gangs' arsenals have expanded to large-caliber handguns, shotguns, and automatic weapons; and their crimes are becoming more violent. Hispanic gang members were responsible for approximately 80 gang-related drive-by shootings in Stockton, California, during 1991. Gang members will attack rival gangs in defense of their turf. The Eastside Longos--a Hispanic gang in Long Beach, California--has been involved in a gang war since October 1989 with the Tiny Rascal Gangsters--a Cambodian gang also located in Long Beach and in several other parts of the state including Fresno and San Diego. Drive-by shootings and assaults between these two gangs have resulted in 16 killings thus far. Law enforcement is an increasing target of gang violence. Hispanic gangs in the Los Angeles area, such as the Harbor City and the "Crazy," have attacked both on and off-duty officers. A few of the gangs are beginning to recruit non-Hispanic gang members, and some Hispanic gang members are joining different ethnic gangs. Various Hispanic gangs are aligning with other ethnic gangs, usually from the same neighborhood. This affiliation allows them more neighborhood protection from rival gangs. Hispanic female gangs are starting to evolve exclusive of the traditionally male-dominated Hispanic gangs. Some of the female gang members, such as the Fresno Bulldog Babes, are participating in drive-by shootings, auto thefts, and assaults.

African American Street gangs

African American gangs began forming in California during the 1920s. They were not territorial; rather, they were loose associations, unorganized, and rarely violent. They did not identify with graffiti, monikers, or other gang characteristics. These early gangs consisted generally of family members and neighborhood friends who involved themselves in limited criminal activities designed to perpetrate a "tough guy" image and to provide an easy means of obtaining money. From 1955 to 1965, the African American gangs increased with larger memberships and operated primarily in south central Los Angeles and Compton. This was partly due to more African American youths bonding together for protection from rival gangs. It was not until the late 1960s when the Crips and Bloods--the two most violent and criminally active African American gangs--originated. The Crips began forming in southeast Los Angeles by terrorizing local neighborhoods and schools with assaults and strong-arm robberies. They developed a reputation for being the most fierce and feared gang in the Los Angeles area. Other African American gangs formed at about the same time to protect themselves from the Crips. One such gang was the Bloods, which originated in and around the Piru Street area in Compton, California; thus, some Bloods gangs are referred to as Piru gangs. The Bloods, which were outnumbered at the time by the Crips three to one, became the second, most vicious African American gang in the Los Angeles area. Both the Crips and Bloods eventually divided into numerous, smaller gangs (or "sets") during the 1970s. They kept the Crips' and Bloods' (Piru) name, spread throughout Los Angeles County, and began to claim certain neighborhoods as their territory. Their gang rivalry became vicious and bloody. By 1980, there were approximately 15,000 Crips and Bloods gang members in and around the Los Angeles area. The gangs--or sets--ranged in size from a few gang members to several hundred and had little, if any, organized leadership. The typical age of a gang member varied from 14- to 24-years-old. Initiation into a gang required the prospective member to "jump in" and fight some of the members already in the gang. Another initiation rite required them to commit a crime within the neighborhood or an assault against rival gang members. They remained territorial and motivated to protect their neighborhoods from rival gang members. They established unique and basic trademarks such as colors, monikers, graffiti, and hand signs. The color blue was adopted by the Crips as a symbol of gang recognition; red became the color of the Bloods. Monikers--such as "Killer Dog," "12-Gauge," and "Cop Killer"--often reflected their criminal abilities or their ferociousness as gang members. Graffiti identified the gang and hand signs displayed symbols--usually letters--unique to the name of their gang. It was not unusual for members to "flash" hand signs at rival gang members as a challenge to fight. They took great pride in displaying their colors and defending them against rival gangs. They were willing to die for the gang, especially in defense of their colors and neighborhood. It was not until the early 1980s that the era of drive-by shootings began. They became involved in a variety of neighborhood crimes such as burglary; robbery; assault; and the selling of marijuana, LSD, and PCP. The issue of gang involvement in narcotics trafficking was generally considered to be of a minor nature prior to the 1980s. However, by 1983, African American Los Angeles gangs seized upon the availability of narcotics, particularly crack, as a means of income. Crack had supplemented cocaine as the most popular illicit drug of choice. Prime reasons for the widespread use of crack were its ease of conversion for smoking, the rapid onset of its effect on the user, and its comparatively inexpensive price. The migration of African American Los Angeles gang members during the 1980s to other United States cities, often for reasons other than some vast gang-inspired conspiracy, resulted in the spread of crack sales and an attendant wave of violence. This spread of crack sales can be traced back to the gang members' family ties in these cities and to the lure of quick profits. These two reasons provided most of the inspiration and motivation for the transplanted gang members. Considerable diversity is displayed by Crips and Bloods gangs and their members in narcotics trafficking, which allows for different levels of involvement from narcotic selling by adolescents to the more important roles of directing narcotics trafficking activities. In the past, an individual's age, physical structure, and arrest record were often principal factors in determining gang hierarchy; money derived from narcotic sales soon became the symbol which signified power and status.

Asian Street gangs

Vietnamese, Laotian, and Cambodian gangs represent the bulk of the Asian criminal street gang problem in California. It was not until the late 1970s that Vietnamese gangs began to emerge, followed by Laotian and Cambodian gangs in the early 1980s. These gangs ranged in size from 5 to 200 gang members; and their crimes included residential and business robberies, auto thefts, and burglaries. Rarely were they involved in drive-by shootings. The gang members varied in age from 15- to 25-years-old, and the older gang members were usually the leaders. Early formation of Asian gangs was loose-knit, and the gang members did not associate with each other on a continuous basis. They had little, if any, loyalty to a particular gang. Unlike Hispanic and African American gangs, Asian. gangs began with no unique Characteristics such as tattoos, hand signs, or graffiti. They had no names for their gangs, nor were they organized or turf oriented. There were no female Asian gangs and few female Asian gang members. By 1985, the Vietnamese gangs were committing organized auto thefts, extortions, firearms violations, home-invasion robberies, witness intimidations, assaults, and murders. They frequently used some type of weapon during the commission of their crimes. Vietnamese gang members began targeting their own communities with ruthless and vicious crimes and would often travel to various Vietnamese communities throughout the country to commit these crimes. The Laotian and Cambodian gangs remained predatory. They became turf oriented, and their crimes were random property crimes--usually involving some form of robbery or burglary. The Department of Justice estimates there could be as many as 15,000 Asian gang members in California today. They are still principally representative of Vietnamese, Laotian, and Cambodian gangs; and their gang members vary in age from 13- to 35-years-old. They continue to terrorize and prey upon their communities with violent crimes, occasionally resulting in murders. They have increased their traveling patterns from coast to coast committing these crimes. Their growing level of mobility and violence has made them a national crime problem.

White Street gangs

White gangs have been forming in California for decades. Early white gangs were oriented around motorcycle gangs like the Hells Angels. Today's outlaw motorcycle gangs are not considered street gangs but, rather, organized crime groups. It was not until the late 1980s that the Skinheads were identified as the primary source of white street gang violence in this state. They were characterized by their shaven heads and white-supremacy philosophy and, for the most part, were factionalized and unorganized. Skinheads formed as racist gangs and were not turf oriented nor profit motivated. Their crimes ranged from vandalism and assaults to murders. Generally, targets of their crimes included non-white, Jewish, homeless, and homosexual individuals. Confrontations between the Skinheads and their targeted victims were often random, but they usually culminated in serious injury or death to the victim. The age of the Skinhead gang members varied from early teens to mid-20s. Both males and females belonged to the gang; and their weapons included baseball bats, knives, fists, and steel-toed boots. Similar to other gangs, Skinheads resort to graffiti, hand signs, and tattoos as typical gang characteristics. Common graffiti includes swastikas and lightning bolts. Most of the graffiti is used to deface property rather than indicate gang territory. Hand signs include both the Nazi salute and formation of the letters "W" and "P" for White Power. Tattoos include swastikas, Nazi flags, hooded Ku Klux Klansmen, and the letters SWP for Supreme White Power and WAR for White Aryan Resistance. Skinheads began to establish associations with some of the more traditional whitesupremacy groups--such as the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) and the White Aryan Resistance (WAR). Gang members would travel throughout California and other parts of the country to attend KKK and WAR rallies, marches, and demonstrations. Skinheads have participated in cross-burnings and become members of the American Klan in Modesto. Skinheads have attended the annual meeting of the Aryan Nations' Church, a Neo-Nazi organization in Idaho linked to The Order--a former domestic terrorist organization. Skinhead gang members identify with the imprisoned and deceased Order members as "prisoners of war" and "martyrs" in the white-supremacist movement. Skinheads from California were residing with Skinheads in Portland, Oregon, during December 1988 when the Portland Skinheads used a baseball bat to beat an Ethiopian immigrant to death. The Oregon Skinheads were arrested and convicted for the murder, and the San Diego leader of WAR was indicted by a federal grand jury and found guilty of inciting violence by encouraging them to commit the murder. He had sent Skinheads from California to teach the Skinheads in Oregon how to commit crimes of violence against minorities. The California Department of Justice estimates there could be as many as 5,000 white gang members in California today. The Skinheads, with approximately 400 members, remain the most violent of the white gangs. Although small in numbers when compared to other criminal street gangs, their potential for violence is significant. Skinheads remain racially motivated instead of being territorial or inspired to commit crimes for profit. They are still loose-knit and unorganized, but there is some evidence that a few of the gangs have developed an internal gang structure. Some have printed and distributed membership applications, collected dues, established rules and regulations, and conducted meetings with formal minutes. The application for the American Front Skinhead gang implies that if a member betrays the organization, the punishment is "death by crucifixion." Some of the gangs have established phone hot lines, post office boxes, and their own publications intended to recruit new members.

The Look

The advent of teens wearing baggies and the gang-banger look, and more recently--the junkie look, does not necessarily mean that gangs have arrived in a particular neighborhood. Neither do graffiti, code words, and symbols automatically translate into gang activity. A number of other studies agree (Clay and Frank 1994) (Also see "Taggers" above).A good deal of the literature suggests that "Clothing is a primary form of gang member identification." It further suggests that where gang activity threatens the school environment, school boards are pressured to respond to the gang-fashion so popular nowadays (Lane et al l994:64). School personnel may be overreacting as a result. Instead, school and police should look for the escalation of crime. The gang attire in and of itself does not mean that more crimes are also being committed. However, on the opposite side of this coin is the fact that if gangs are present in an area, the crime rate will certainly escalate.Growing out of the "grunge" look and with the adulation of the hip-hop culture with its "attitude," baggies and shaved heads, or gang attire, has become popular nation-wide among teens including upper and middle-class white adolescents as well. Gang attire is d8isplayed everywhere as the chic fashion statement for young people. It is shown all over MTV and other teen videos.Of course, teens have for many years adopted the dress of one another, particularly in ways found offensive to teachers, parents, and other authority figures--nothing is new about that. Today, however, gang attire is displayed with fanfare; it is widespread even among the wares of some of the very posh, expensive designers. But in the wrong neighborhood, gang attire can get a youth in a lot of trouble and maybe even shot! On the other hand, white teens in upper and middle class white suburbia who sport the look will probably not be rounded up in "sweeps.In addition, focusing too much on attire as a tool for gang identification clearly leads to outright discrimination giving authorities license to apprehend and investigate young people when there is no rational basis for either inquiry or arrest. The community must act as the vanguard ever watchful of its constitutional guarantees. A case in point occured in 1985. In the midst of public outcry for protection, Chief of Police Gates, in Los Angeles proposed civil sanctions against suspected offenders who wore gang attire. The proposal was quietly dropped. Obviously, imposing legal sanctions based on the way people dress is inconceivable under our system of government. Quite a stir arose as a result, and an outraged and justifiable protest came from the Latino as well as from the Black communities.Of course, all the wannabes and peewees wear the gang look although many are not yet involved in drug dealing and other criminal activity. In the peewee age group, shopping for clothes is still done with Mom, but it would seem that even she is willingly to buy the "in" look, the very clothes that could get her youngster shot! By the same token, many hardcore members have adopted designer labels or insignias of sports teams to wear with their baggies. Hence we have an odd admixture today, a crossover between the sports fan and gang attire. And marketing and merchandising strategies have grabbed the look and taken off with it in advertising gimmicks featuring gang and junkie themes to sell their fashions.Efforts to mandate clothing standards by school personnel have failed miserably short of going to a school-wide uniform. In Bannister v Paradis (1970) a lower court ruled that the prohibition of clothing because of style and taste was unconstitutional unless such clothing imposed a danger to the health and safety of others or caused a disturbance or other disruption (Lane et al. 1994:64). There have been numerous other cases dealing with clothes: one arguing about skirt length -- Wallace V. Ford (1972), and another one dealing directly with the issue of gang attire Olesen v. Board of Education of School District No. 228 (1987).On the other hand, school uniforms have served some schools well in dealing with the gang problem. MacClay Junior High, situated in the midst of gang infested projects, in Pacoima, California--a Los Angles barrio suburb, applauds the uniform established on their campus in the last few years. School administrators and teachers like the idea of everyone looking the same. Whether or not the uniform has done anything to ameliorate the gang problem is not clear, but at least on campus, there is no longer a gang banger image.

Special thanks to : http://www.pressenter.com/~dpedersn/

 
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  Bon anniversaire, Prince Rainier.
 
 
 

Me ne frego. Je m'en moque. C'est un peu ma devise actuellement. Je ne me sens vraiment plus rien de commun avec les Afrançais. Je ne parle pas des Français de papier, mais des fameux "de souche" qui renient tous les matins leur civilisation trois fois avant le chant du coq. Voila, c'est tout. Ils ne sont pas forcément méchants, mais ils ne sont pas de chez nous. Ils ont défilé en masse au lendemain du 21 avril, c'est pratique, ça a permis de faire le tri. En ce qui me concerne, ils peuvent être français depuis 1648, ils ne sont pas de chez nous. Ils sont citoyens, je suis Français (avec tous les ajouts et options supplémentaires qui font qu'un Français est français : râleur, de mauvaise foi et subissant la loi quantique du "à deux c'est une tendance, à trois c'est la scission"). Ils sont du pays des Drouadloms, pas moi. Ils ont voté Chirac, pas moi. Ne nous méprenons pas : chez nous, ce n'est pas une élite. Une tradition, bien vivante, évoluant dans tous les sens, qui conservent ses racines. Mais une élite, ça non. Il suffit de nous voir pour s'en apercevoir. On ne subit pas deux siècles de persécutions diverses sans en porter les stigmates. Si beaucoup d'entre nous ont réchappé de 1789, la boucherie de 1914 nous a dramatiquement affaibli, sans parler du coup presque fatal de la "Libération". Il est normal que spirituellement, nous soyons hâves et dépenaillés. Alors, oui. Je suis un salaud. Il fut un temps où j'étais scandalisé par le viol d'une petite blonde par une bande de racailles au fond de la cave sordide d'une médina quelconque de la banlieue parisienne. Que le sort d'un professeur battu par un élève me préoccupait. Que j'avais de la compassion pour la famille d'un gendarme tué en faisant son devoir. Aujourd'hui, me ne frego. Parce que leurs martyrs, ou celui d'un petit rwandais transformé en steack hâché, ça se passe désormais très loin de moi. Chez eux.

 
 

Je repense par hasard à Spinoza encule Hegel. J'ai rencontré Jean-Bernard Pouy lorsque j'étais gauchiste. Ca s'appelait la Nuit des plumes rouges, il y avait aussi Daeninckx, je crois. J'en avais ramené une édition originale dédicacée de La petite écuyère a cafté, le premier épisode des aventures du Poulpe. Bref. J'ai très envie de relire son premier roman, Spinoza..., parce qu'en pataugeant dans mes souvenirs, c'est un bouquin un peu crypto-fasciste, quelque part. Un héros, leader naturel, au sens esthétique très développé, sans parler de son goût pour les amitiés virilo-pédérastiques, les Smith & Wesson chromés, les bottes de lézard mauves, qui poursuit une quête qui l'emmènera sur la Côte d'Azur... il faut vraiment que je le relise. Par contre, la suite A sec, n'est vraiment pas bonne. Notre héros a échangé son âme contre celle, usée prématurément par l'absence de transcendance, d'un syndicaliste céfédétiste. D'ailleurs, il roule en Safrane pourrie et part au Havre. Navrant.